These NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials Ex 2.4 Questions and Answers are prepared by our highly skilled subject experts.

## NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Maths Chapter 2 Polynomials

## Exercise 2.4

Question 1.

Verify that the numbers given alongside of the cubic polynomials below are their zeroes. Also, verify the relationship between the zeroes and the coefficients in each case:

(i) 2x^{3} + x^{2} – 5x + 2; \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\), 1, – 2

(ii) x^{3} – 4x^{2} + 5x – 2; 2, 1, 1

Solution:

(i) Comparing the given polynomial with ax^{3} + bx^{2} + cx + d, we get:

a = 2, b – 1, c = -5 and d = 2.

Now, we get the zeroes

Therefore, \(\frac { 1 }{ 2 }\), 1, – 2 are the zeroes of 2x³ + x² – 5x + 2.

So we take α, ß, γ are the co-efficient of cubic polynomial.

Sum of zeroes

(ii) x^{3} – 4x^{2} + 5x – 2; 2, 1, 1

Compearing the given polynomial with ax^{3} + bx^{2} + cx + d, we get:

a = 1, b = -4, c = 5 and d = – 2.

∴ p (x) = x^{3} – 4x^{2} + 5x – 2

⇒ p(2) = (2)^{3} – 4(2)^{2} + 5 x 2 – 2

= 8 – 16+ 10 – 2 = 0

p(1) = (1)^{3} – 4(1)^{2} + 5 x 1- 2

= 1 – 4 + 1 – 2

= 6 – 6 = 0

Therefore, 2, 1 and 1 are the zeroes of x^{3} – 4x^{2 }+ 5x – 2.

So, take α, ß, γ are the coefficient of cubic polynomial.

Comparing x² – 4x² + 5x – 2 = 0

Sum of zeroes

Question 2.

Find a cubic polynomial with the sum, sum of the product of its zeroes taken two at a time, and the product of its zeroes as 2, -7, -14 respectively.

Solution:

We know that a cubic equation is ax³ + bx² + cx + d = 0

But given, α + β + γ = 2

αβ + βγ + γα = -7 and αβγ = – 14

Also, we know that a + b + g = \(\frac { -b }{ a }\) = 2, hence, b = – 2

αβ + βγ + γα = \(\frac { c }{ a }\) = – 7, hence c = – 7 a

αβγ = \(\frac { -d }{ a }\) = – 14, hence d = – 14, and a = 1

Now, put the value of a, b, c, d in equation (1), we get

x³ – 2x² – 7x + 14 = 0

Question 3.

If the zeroes of the polynomial x^{3} – 3x^{2} + x + 1 are a-b, a, a + b, find a and b.

Solution:

Zeroes of the polynomial are a-b, a, a + b

Sum of zeroes = a-b + a + a + b = 3a

⇒ a³ – b²a = 1

Put a = 1, in a² – b²a = – 1

(1)³ – b² = – 1 ⇒ b² = 2

b= ± \(\sqrt{2}\)

values of a and b are 1, ± \(\sqrt{2}\)

Question 4.

If two zeroes of the polynomial x^{4} – 6x^{3} – 26x^{2 }+ 138x – 35 are 2 ± \(\sqrt{3}\), finnd other zeroes.

Solution:

Let two zeroes are 2 + \(\sqrt{3}\) and 2 – \(\sqrt{3}\),

(x² – 4x +1) is a factor of the given polynomial.

Now, we divide the given polynomial by

So, x^{4} – 6x^{3} – 26x^{2} + 138x – 35 = (x^{2} – 4x + 1) (x^{2} – 2x – 35)

Now, by spilitting – 2x, we factorise x² – 2x – 35

= x^{3} – 7x + 5x – 35

= x(x – 7) (x + 5)

= (x – 7) (x + 5) px = 7, x = – 5

So, zeroes of the given polynomials are

2 + \(\sqrt{3}\), 2 – \(\sqrt{3}\), 7 and – 5.

Question 5.

If the polynomial x^{4} – 6x^{3} + 16x^{2} – 25x + 10 is divided by another polynomial x^{2} – 2x + k, the remainder comes out to be x + a, find k and a.

Solution:

If p(x) and g(x) are any two polynomials of the form x² – 2x and x² + bx + c. We know by formula.

Dividend = Divisor x Quotient + Remainder

x^{4} – 6x² + 16x^{3} – 25x + 10 = (x² – 2x + k) (x² + bx + c) + (x + a)

x^{4} – 6x^{3} + 16x² – 25x + 10 = x^{4} + bx^{3} + x²c – 2x^{3} – 2bx² – 2cx + kx² + kbx + kc + x + a

x^{4} – 6x^{3} + 16x² – 25x + 10 = x^{4} + (b – 2)x^{3} + (c – 2b + k) x² + (- 2x + kb + 1)x + kc + a

Now comparing the co-efficients of both sides b – 2 = – 6 … (1)

[Comparing the co-efficient of x^{3}]

c – 2b + k = 16 … (2)

[Comparing the co-efficient of x²]

– 2c + kb + 1 = – 25 … (3)

[Comparing the co-efficient of x]

kc + a = 10 … (4)

[Comparing the constant term]

From (1), b = – 4

Now, putting the vlaue of b in equation (2) and (3) we get,

⇒ c – 2(- 4) + k = 16

or c + k = 8 … (5)

and -2c – 4k + 1 = – 25

or – 2c – 4k = – 26

or – c – 2k = – 13 … (6)

Adding equation (5) and (6), we get, c + k = 8

– c – 2k = – 13 – k = – 5

So, k = 5,

From (5), c = 8 – 5 ⇒ c = 3,

Now put the value of k and c in equation (4), we get,

kc + a = 10

5(3) + a = 10

a = – 5

∴ Value of k and a is 5 and – 5 respectively.