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Rulers and Buildings Class 7 Questions and Answers History Chapter 5
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Class 7 History Chapter 5 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
How is the “trabeate” principle of architecture different from the “arcuate”?
|‘Trabeate’ principle of architecture||‘Arcuate’ principle of architecture|
|Roofs, doors and windows were made by placing a horizontal beam across two vertical columns.
This technique was used in building temples, mosques, tombs etc.
|The weight of the superstructure above the doors and windows was carried by arches.
This technique was used in the doors, gates of palaces of kings or big residential buildings.
What is a shikhara?
A shikhara is the top most portion of a temple.
What is pietra-dura?
Coloured, hard stones placed in depressions carved into marble or sandstone creating beautiful ornate patterns is called ‘pietra-dura’.
What are the elements of a Mughal Chahar bagh garden?
Placed within rectangular walls and divided into four quarters by artificial channels are the main elements of a Mughal Chahar bagh.
How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?
Kings built temples to demonstrate their devotion to God and their power and wealth. Constructing places of worship provided rulers with the chance to proclaim their close relationship with God, especially important in an age of rapid political change. Rulers also offered patronage to the learned and pious, and tried to transform their capitals and cities into great administrative, trade and cultural centres that brought fame to their rule and their realm.
An inscription in Shah Jahan’s diwan-i-khas in Delhi stated: “If there is Paradise on Earth, it is here, it is here, it is here.” How was this image created?
Shah Jahan’s Diwan-i-khas (audience hall) was specially constructed in the Red Fort at Delhi. The pedestal on which Shah Jahan’s throne was placed was frequently described as the ‘qibla’ (qibla is the direction faced by Muslims at prayer time).
Since everybody faced towards direction of ‘qibla’ when court was in session. The idea of the king was to represent the God on earth. The construction of Shah Jahan’s audience hall aimed to communicate that the king’s justice would treat the high and the low as equals creating a world where all could live together in harmony.
How did the Mughal court suggest that everyone-the rich and the poor, the powerful and the weak received se equally from the emperor?
Mughal court ‘Diwan-i-am’ was suggested that justice was made for all in an equal way. Shah Jahan’s audience hall was designed in a manner so that it could communicate that the king’s justice was equal for everyone whether rich or poor, powerful or weak. It has a great message of harmony. Thus, in the Mughal court there was no difference between the rich and poor, powerful and weak.
What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?
In the new city of Shahjahanabad that Shah Jahan constructed in Delhi, the imperial place commanded the river-front only. All others had to construct their homes in the city away from the River Yamuna.
The rich and powerful construct large houses today. In what ways were the constructions of kings and their courtiers different in the past?
The rich and powerful people construct large houses today too. In the metropolitan cities, people live in the societies and some in the bunglows. But a big change can be seen between the buildings of past constructed by the kings and in present days. In present days, cemented and iron pillars, a single baked brick for partition, iron, cement etc. are being used. While, in the past big courtyards, thick walls, domed-roofs, big gardens, heavy stones pillars were made with the help of limestone cement.
Look at Figure 4. How could that building be constructed faster today?
In the figure 4, Rajarajeshwara temple has been shown. In the modern time, we have innovative technology for constructing such types of temples and also have many equipment and crane for cutting and lifting the heavy stones. Therefore, now it not as difficult as it would have been during the period when the temple was built. With the help of new technology buildings can be constructed faster today.
Find out whether there is a stature of or a memorial to a great person in your village or town. Why was it placed there? What purpose does it serve?
Students discuss with the teacher and write the answer.
Visit and describe any park or garden in your neighborhood. In what ways is it similar to or different from the gardens of the Mughals?
Students discuss with the teacher and can write the answer.
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