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Lifelines of National Economy Class 10 Questions and Answers Geography Chapter 7
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Lifelines of National Economy NCERT Intext Questions and Answers
Why is air travel preferred in the north-eastern states?
Air travel can easily cover difficult terrain present in the north-eastern states of India like big and wide rivers, dissected relief, dense forest and frequent floods and international frontiers.
Find out the names of the countries connected by Indian Airlines.
Before it was merged with Air India in 2007, Indian Airlines covered the following countries
- Sri Lanka
Geography Class 10 Chapter 7 NCERT Textbook Questions and Answers
Multiple Choice Questions
(i) Which two of the following extreme locations are connected by the east-west corridor?
(a) Mumbai and Nagpur
(b) Silchar and Porbandar
(c) Mumbai and Kolkata
(d) Nagpur and Siligudi
(ii) Which mode of transportation reduces trans-shipment losses and delays?
(iii) Which one of the following states is not connected with the H.V. J. pipeline?
(a) Madhya Pradesh
(d) Uttar Pradesh
(iv) Which one of the following ports is the deepest land-locked and well-protected port along the east coast?
(v) Which one of the following is the most important modes of transportation in India?
(vi) Which one of the following terms is used to describe trade between two or more countries?
(a) Internal trade
(b) International trade
(c) External trade
(d) Local trade
(b) International trade
Answer the following questions in about 30 words.
(i) State any three merits of roadways.
(a) Roads can traverse mountains such as the Himalayas.
(b) Road transport is economical in transportation of few persons and relatively smaller amount of goods over short distances.
(c) It provides door-to-door service.
(ii) Where and why is rail transport the most convenient means of transportation?
Rail transport is the most convenient means of transportation in the northern plains of India. These plains with their vast level land, high population density and rich agricultural resources provide the most favourable condition for the growth of railways.
(iii) What is the significance of the border roads?
The border roads are major road links along the frontiers of our country. These roads are of strategic importance. They have improved accessibility in areas of difficult terrain mainly in the northern and northeastern border areas. They have also helped in the economic development of these areas.
(iv) What is meant by trade? What is the difference between international and local trade?
The exchange of goods among people, states and countries is referred to as trade. Trade between two countries is called international trade. It may take place through sea, air or land routes. So far local trade is concerned, it is carried in cities, towns and villages.
Answer the following questions in about 120 words.
(i) Why are the means of transportation and communication called the lifelines of a nation and its economy?
Examine with example the role of means of transport and communication in making our life prosperous and comfortable.
The means of transportation and communication are complementary to each other and are considered the lifelines of a nation and its economy due to the following reasons
- The means of transportation and communication help in the production and movement of goods and services.
- Transport helps in the development of communication, various means of communication help us in interacting with each other in all the parts of the world. It has brought the world closer.
- Transport like railways help us in conducting multifarious activities like business, sight seeing, pilgrimage along with transportation of goods over longer distances.
- Pipelines are used for transporting crude oil, petroleum products and natural gas from oil and natural gas fields to refineries, factories and thermal power plants.
- Waterways are the cheapest means of transport and are the most suitable for carrying heavy and bulky goods.
- Airways make journey possible in difficult terrains, dreary deserts, dense forest and long oceanic stretches with great ease.
Write a note on the changing nature of the international trade in the last fifteen years.
- It is a fact that international trade has undergone a sea change in the last fifteen years.
- Exchange of commodities and goods have been superseded by the exchange of information and knowledge.
- India has emerged as a software giant at the international level and it is earning large foreign exchange through the export of information technology.
- Tourism too has added to India’s upgraded position in international trade. In 2004, there was 23.5% increase in foreign tourist arrivals as against the number in 2003.
Start your search vertically, horizontally or diagonally and reach various destinations across the country:
Srinagar, Shershah Suri Marg, Chennai, Broadgauge, Kolkata, Mughalsarai
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